The Oxford Dictionary of English has very little: act of deceiving someone: obtaining property by deception
Wikipedia is much richer here:
“Deception, beguilement, deceit, bluff, mystification, bad faith, and subterfuge are acts to propagate beliefs that are not true, or not the whole truth (as in half-truths or omission). Deception can involve dissimulation, propaganda, and sleight of hand. It can employ distraction, camouflage or concealment. There is also self-deception as in bad faith.”
Yes, this is very helpful. I read this description, this list, and I think spontaneously of the New Labour Government’s so-called ‘Consultation’ on the issue of choice of GP, launched in March 2010. The documentation accompanying the ‘consultation’, and the ‘questionnaire’ were clearly designed to lead to a ‘yes’ vote. And then now, the Department of Health, and Lansley, use the ‘results’ of this ‘consultation’ as one of the main planks supporting their policy. I believe that this ‘consultation’ was quite misleading, an act of deception.
No doubt this will cause consternation in some quarters. Fine, read the documentation. Ask yourself this: is this balanced? what is the message? what are the omissions? what are the risks of this policy (hardly any mentioned)? are the questions in the questionnaire ‘leading’ ones? ask an (independent) expert in polling what they think of the format of the ‘questionnaire’.
For full Wikipedia article on deception
Yes, I must add ‘bad faith’ to the original list.